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Year 7 A Trip through the Ancient World: Referencing

Start your History research here.

In your log notes provide an abbreviated detail of your reference but be sure to also not the full reference in your reference list also.  The best way to do this would be to build your reference list in CiteMaker as you go along, ensuring you are saving each time. 


Include in your log book:

For a book - Author, date published and page number (this is to show the exact page the quote you are using has come from).

For a Website - Abbreviated URL address and the date that you accessed this.  


Colour coding focus questions with highlighters as you begin your research may make it easier for you to complete this section later.  

Whenever you reference, paraphrase, summarise or quote another source you should include an in-text reference.  This citation should then correspond with an entry in your reference list. The reference should be the authors last name and the year of publication, for example (Smith, 2018). 

  • If there are two authors you should include both, (Smith & Jones, 2018)
  • For two to five authors you are required to include all names the first time it is referenced within your work and from then on only the first authors last name and then et al., for example (Smith et al., 2018).
  • If there are more than six authors you may simply use the first authors last name and then et al. for all references within your text. 

 If you are directly quoting from a source you should also include the page number/s the quote is found on, for example (Smith, 2018, pg. 24).  

When there is no author evident for a webpage the title moves to the front position of your reference.  For example:  Grumpy Cat's Big Day Out. (2018, April 28). Retrieved from: 

  • To reference this within the text the title takes the place of the author using double quotation marks around the title, for example ("Grumpy Cat's Big Day Out", 2018).  
  • If the title is longer, such as, Grumpy Cat's big day out in Brisbane on the river ferry, you may abbreviate the title, for example ("Grumpy Cat's Big Day", 2018).  

If there is no evident date as to when your source was created you will need to include the letters 'n.d'.  For example: Smith, J. (n.d) Grumpy Cat's Big Day Out. Brisbane: BGS Publishing.

When citing this within the text simply write the author and then 'n.d'. For example: (Smith, n.d).

When citing a documentary the method is very similar to a book or an online resource.  Instead of using the authors name you will record the producer and the director (in that order) including in brackets their role.  Be sure to also include in square brackets what type of file it is. For example:

 Smith, J. (Producer), & Jones, M. (Director). (2018). Grumpy Cat's Big Day Out. [video file]. Retrieved from 


If you are using a Youtube clip the structure is a little different.  You will need to include the first and last name of the creator, their username in square brackets (if you cannot find the first and last name just start with the username in square brackets). You will also include the year, month and day the video was posted, what the title of the video is , what type of file it is and the URL it was retrieved from.

For example:

This becomes:

[Real Grumpy Cat]. (2012, September 25). The Original Grumpy Cat! [video file]. Retrieved from