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Library: Academic Integrity

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Plagiarism and Copyright Ethical Scholarship Time Management Academic Misconduct


Academic Integrity refers to the decision to remain truthful about where the information
in your assignment - and, indeed, your assignment itself - was sourced.



Presenting the work (text, ideas, words, images) or intellectual property of another person and/or agent as your own without acknowledging their authorship or referencing their work is plagiarism.

  • Copying of sentences, paragraphs or creative products (in whole or in part) which are the work of other persons without due acknowledgment. Creative products include webpages, books, articles, theses, unpublished works, working papers, seminar and conference papers, internal reports, lecture notes or recordings, computer files, images or video
  • Too closely paraphrasing sentences, paragraphs or themes without due acknowledgment
  • Using another person’s work (including words, music, creative or visual artefacts, computer source code, designs, problem solutions or ideas)
  • In the case of collaborative group projects, falsely representing the individual contributions of the collaborating partners
  • Submitting work which has been produced by someone else – including friends, family or a paid contracting service (This is known as contract cheating, assessment outsourcing or ghost writing.)
  • Submitting one’s own previously assessed or published work for assessment or publication elsewhere, without appropriate acknowledgement (self-plagiarism)
  • Using language translation or paraphrasing services (either online or contracted) to disguise original source text (cross-lingual or back translation plagiarism, and spinning)

Ethical Scholarship

"Ethical scholarship implies a contract between authors and readers whereby readers assume that the information conveyed by the authors is, to the best of the authors' knowledge, always accurate and complete, and that, unless otherwise noted, any ideas, text, data or other content have not been previously disseminated, either in part or in whole, and represent the authors' own original work."  (Roig, M. (2016). Plagiarism (RCR-Basic). CITI Program.,collective%20efforts%20of%20other%20researchers) 



Academic Integrity Guidelines - QCAA


Forward planning  


  • Understand the components of a task and how long each component might take to complete.

Time management  


  • Implementing a plan to achieve the assessment outcome, incorporating adjustments to this as needed.

Note-taking and summarising  


  •  Synthesising information or gathering research into a new idea or summary.



  •  Appropriately acknowledging the ideas, work or interpretation of others.

Choosing appropriate  examples


  •  Selecting appropriate quotes or examples to support an argument or communicate meaning.




  • Engaging in drafting and activities to authenticate a response such as at checkpoints; preparing the final draft for formal feedback by editing and refining the response.



  • Refining your own work.




  • Self-assessing compliance with academic integrity guidelines before submitting responses.


    Queensland Curriculum and Assessment Authority. (2020). Academic Integrity Guidelines


Time Management


Academic Misconduct - QCAA Definitions

Cheating while under supervised conditions

       A student:

  • begins to write during perusal time or continues to write after the instruction to stop writing is given,
  • uses unauthorised equipment or materials,
  • has any notation written on their body, clothing or any object brought into an assessment room,
  • communicates with any person other than a supervisor during an examination, e.g. through speaking, signing, electronic device or other means, such as passing notes, making gestures or sharing equipment with another student.

       A student:

  • or more than one student works to produce a response and that response is submitted as individual work by one or multiple students,
  • assists another student to commit an act of academic misconduct,
  • gives or receives a response to an assessment.
Contract cheating

       A student:

  • pays for a person or a service to complete a response to an assessment,
  • sells or trades a response to an assessment.
Copying work

       A student:

  • deliberately or knowingly makes it possible for another student to copy responses,
  • looks at another student’s work during a supervised assessment,
  • copies another student’s work during a supervised assessment.
Disclosing or receiving information about an assessment

       A student or other person:

  • gives or accesses unauthorised information that compromises the integrity of the assessment, such as stimulus or suggested answers/responses, before a response to an assessment is completed,
  • makes any attempt to give or receive access to secure assessment materials.

       A student:

  • invents or exaggerates data,
  • lists incorrect or fictitious references.

       A student:

  • arranges for another person to complete a response to an assessment in their place, e.g. impersonating the student in a performance or supervised assessment,
  • completes a response to an assessment in place of another student.

Misconduct during a supervised assessment

       A student:

  • distracts and/or disrupts others in an assessment room.
Plagiarism or lack of referencing

       A student:

  • completely or partially copies or alters another person’s work without attribution (another person’s work may include text, audio or audiovisual material, figures, tables, design, images, information or ideas).

       A student:

  • duplicates work, or part of work already submitted, as a response to an assessment instrument in the same or any other subject.
Significant contribution
of help

       A student or other person:

  • arranges for, or allows, a tutor, parent/carer or any person in a supporting role to complete or contribute significantly to the response.


Queensland Curriculum and Assessment Authority. (2020). 8.1 Understanding academic integrity